What Does Family Law Mean? 

What Does Family Law Mean? The phrase itself is confusing, but it’s the legal system’s way of handling domestic relations and family matters. Family law involves many aspects of family life, including divorce, child custody, paternity, and support. Hopefully, this article will clarify some of the key points. Here are some common definitions. In addition, you’ll learn more about what you can expect from your lawyer. 

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Whether you are seeking a divorce or are just looking to settle your existing case, you should know what is involved in each step. First, understand the legal definition of divorce. In the US, divorce is legally considered to be a legal separation of two people. The term “separation” is often misused and can mean a variety of things. It is also a legal term for a civil separation. 

Legal separation 

If you’ve recently separated, you may have wondered how legal separation differs from de facto separation. Essentially, legal separation formalizes a de facto separation but allows the married couple to remain legally married. This legal separation is granted through a court order, and a judge will decide whether it’s in the best interest of both parties. If you and your spouse have separated and are considering divorce, legal separation is a better option. 


Establishing paternity in a family law case establishes the child’s legal fatherhood. This is vital because it establishes a father’s rights to child custody and support, as well as certain government benefits. Establishing paternity also provides a child with his or her biological father’s medical history. If a child is born to a single parent, establishing paternity will give the child legal rights to inherit their father’s property and health insurance. However, it has legal consequences for other family members, including child support and inheritance. 

Child support 

The courts will consider all factors when deciding on child custody and support arrangements. Generally, child support is awarded to the custodial parent of a child if the parents cannot agree on the matter. If the parents can agree, they will have to submit the appropriate documentation to the court for final approval. However, if the parents cannot agree, they may have to appear before a judge, who will assess the details of the case and decide what is best for the child. 

Protection orders against domestic violence 

When a partner or spouse begins to behave abusively, it may be necessary to obtain a protective order under family law. A court can issue one of several types of protective orders, including a stay-away order, a move-out order, and a protection order against domestic violence. These orders are generally temporary and can be changed when one partner or spouse moves out or divorces. In addition to preventing abuse, a protective order can provide relief for a victim by keeping the abusive partner out of the home. 

Termination of parental rights 

When a parent wants to end the relationship with their child, they can file for a Termination of Parental Rights in family law. This legal process ends the parent-child relationship. In most cases, a parent can only terminate his or her parental rights if he or she is convicted of a violent crime. It is therefore important to work with an attorney to file for termination, including in a domestic violence case.