Inequity in Family Law and Conclaves 

A few things should be understood about inequity in family law and conclaves. Firstly, the family is considered to be the fundamental unit of society and is often associated with religious or cultural beliefs. Thus, efforts to reform family law are often framed as threats to group identity and used to justify discriminatory laws. However, while the right to culture and religion is a human right, it cannot supersede the fundamental right to equality. 


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Differences between inequity in family law and conclaves 

The research team developed survey questions to gather information on government measures and analyzed the results to make recommendations to increase gender equality in family law. Most family law cases are initiated by women. Thus, the disproportionate impact of family law on women can be attributed to custody arrangements, financial obligations, and court closures. The researchers also found that the justice systems may consider novel ways of serving their constituents and focusing on the safety of their citizens. 

Legal regulation of marriage and parenthood 

Historically, family law has served as a significant mediator between the societal and state views on marriage and parenthood. Family law codifies individual rights, sets the foundation for family life, and protects the rights of kin-based groups. These values and rights are essential for the security and stability of nations. But, these principles are not omnipresent in family law. Inequity in family law has its roots in state policies and practices that don’t always serve the public interest. 

Inequity in family law may be a useful predictor of state fragility. It explains 30% of the variance in the Global Peace Index and 57% in the Fragile State Index. We found that excluding Huntington’s Civilizational Influence increased the statistical power of our model. Still, we found that equity in family law explained 40% of the variability in the Global Peace Index and 72% in the Fragile State Index, indicating that equity in family law is a strong predictor of state fragility. 

Economic consequences of divorce 

The economic costs of divorce are higher for women, who experience a much sharper decline in household income and poverty risk than men do. During the post-divorce years, their former spouses may improve their standard of living, which can exacerbate the inequality in post-divorce financial outcomes. One study quantifies the gender gap in divorce settlements, finding a decrease in women’s standard of living of 27 percent, compared to a rise of 10 percent for men. Other estimates are even higher. 

However, other studies found a difference between men and women when it comes to divorce consequences. Most of these studies looked at one outcome, or a group of outcomes, within one domain, and rarely cut across two or more domains. This means that a broader view of the differences between men and women is difficult to achieve. Nevertheless, analysts must piece together the evidence from a large piece of literature to draw meaningful conclusions.